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Memorandum for General McNair
October 13, 1943 Washington, D.C.
Apropos of several discussions we have had regarding the training of replacements and antiaircraft units, I wish you would concentrate your efforts for the next two months on these phases of the Army Ground Forces:
I am having General Eisenhower make a detailed inspection in North Africa to disclose to what extent may be the working over of replacements to create provisional organizations, and to select men for rear installations has been responsible for the reaction of division commanders.1
I continue to get unfavorable reports, and now rather positive, regarding the development of anti-aircraft units. Overseas readiness inspections give the impression of avoidable deficiencies, particularly as relate to negro units. But the reactions come to me from a number of directions which makes me question the efficiency of your present set-up. I should like you to take vigorous measures to reassure me in the matter.2
G. C. M.
Document Copy Text Source: Records of Headquarters, Army Ground Forces (RG 337), Adjutant General Section, McNair Personal Files, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.
Document Format: Typed memorandum signed.
1. See the previous document (Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #4-132 [4: 154-55].)
2. McNair replied that he was arranging to receive better data regarding training of replacements and antiaircraft units, particularly better information concerning overseas theater commanders’ requirements. All the antiaircraft training and replacement centers had received new commanders in the previous six months “in order to secure stronger command.” He noted that Personnel Division officers had recently praised the quality of replacements being shipped from the Hampton Roads and New York Ports of Embarkation. (McNair Memorandum for the Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, October 22, 1943, NA/RG 337 [AG Section, McNair Personal File].)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 4, “Aggressive and Determined Leadership,” June 1, 1943-December 31, 1944 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), p. 155.