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Memorandum for the President
February 9, 1943 [Washington, D.C.]
Attached is the nomination of General Eisenhower for the grade of General. I recommend that this be dispatched to the Senate on Thursday morning, in line with the joint British-American release on command arrangements in North Africa.1
I have delayed in submitting General Eisenhower’s recommendations for the advancement to the grade of Lieutenant General of his two Corps commanders and his Air commander, Generals Fredendall, Patton, and Spaatz. I do not submit them at this time because I think it is best to submit General Eisenhower’s name alone. I did not propose them previously, though he had urged me to do so, because I felt that to advance them and seemingly ignore him amounted to a condemnation of his exercise of command.
The difficulty in the matter is that Corps commanders are supposed to be Lieutenant Generals but we have not thought it wise to recommend such promotions to you short of actual operations of the particular Army Corps. This was the case with General Eichelberger in Australia where it was particularly important to give him this rank in order to offset the difficulties of a large collection of Australian Lieutenant Generals. That promotion has proved an embarrassment to the two Task Force commanders who made successful landings in Africa. Therefore at an early date I should like to submit the names of Fredendall, Patton, and Spaatz (who will have over-all Air command in the American theater in North Africa soon).2
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed memorandum.
1. Eisenhower’s nomination was approved by the Senate on Thursday, February 11.
2. See Marshall Memorandum for the President, March 6, 1943, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #3-544 [3: 580].
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 3, “The Right Man for the Job,” December 7, 1941-May 31, 1943 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991), pp. 539-540.