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Memorandum for the President of the Executive Yuan
June 10, 1946 OSE 147 Nanking, China
My dear Doctor Soong:
It has been reported to me that within the past two weeks UNRRA supplies duly allocated by CNRRA to Communist areas have been prevented by Nationalist authorities from moving into those areas in at least two specific instances. Without going into details, the first such instance was at Yangchow in northern Kiangsu and the second was at Tsing-tao. In both cases, the orders under which local commanders acted are ascribed to General Cheng Kai-ming.1
Furthermore, a check of mine with Mr. Ray indicates that UNRRA supplies for the areas dominated by the Communists amount to nine tenths of one percent of the entire UNRRA shipments into China.2
I would appreciate your comments on the foregoing.3 Such a condition would not be supported by the American contributors to UNRRA.
Document Copy Text Source: Records of the Department of State (RG 59), Lot Files, Marshall Mission, Military Affairs, OSE Letters, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.
Document Format: Typed memorandum.
1. Lieutenant General Cheng was the government’s commissioner at Executive Headquarters.
2. J. Franklin Ray, Jr., was acting director of the U.N.R.R.A.’s China Office in Shanghai. Chou En-lai had protested to Marshall at their June 3 meeting that the Communists were getting only 0.6 percent of U.N.R.R.A. aid to China. In a July 12 letter to U.N.R.R.A. Director General Fiorello H. La Guardia, Chou said that the percentage was 0.67 despite the Communists’ controlling all or part of nineteen provinces with a population of 140,000,000. (Foreign Relations, 1946, 9: 953; Chou to La Guardia, July 12, 1946, NA/RG 59 [Lot Files, Marshall Mission, Division of Chinese Affairs, UNRRA].)
3. The editors have not found a written reply from Soong. On June 13, Ray met with Soong, who mentioned Marshall’s “representations . . . concerning Chinese military interference movements UNRRA supplies into Communist areas and disclaimed personal knowledge UNRRA distribution operations.” Ray said that this statement could not be reconciled with Soong’s previous assertions to La Guardia that he was personally participating in improving the distribution system. (Ray to State Department, June 15, 1946, NA/RG 59 [Lot Files, Marshall Mission, Division of Chinese Affairs, UNRRA].)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 584.