5-326 To Colonel Henry A. Byroade and Walter S. Robertson, January 14, 1946

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: January 14, 1946

Subject: China

To Colonel Henry A. Byroade and Walter S. Robertson

[January 14, 1946] Radio No. GOLD 49. [Chungking, China]


For Byroade.

Information here, stated as being from reliable source, indicates presence in Chihfeng of approximately 10,000 local peasants, laborers and farmers organized by Chinese Communists into a military force. A certain Japanese by name Tanaka is responsible for training this force. Armament this force is supplied by Soviets including 20,000 rifles, 150 heavy machine guns and 25 field pieces. Same source indicates presence of Soviet troops in Chihfeng which exercise command over previously referred to local force.

New subject: Ho P’ang-chi commands puppet force at Hsuchowfu. Indications are that Communists are agitating these forces and Central Government is fearful that these fores may be integrated with the forces of the Communists.

New subject: Linch’eng and Tsaochuang 20 miles due east of Linch’eng and location of important coal mine, both towns on Tientsin-Pukow railroad and both in Shantung province are reported as containing Nationalist troops surrounded by Communists. Air drop to these troops is only means of communications, except wireless, since rails and road are blocked by Communists. Central Government is anxious that these blocks be reduced.

These matters are for your information and investigation by your field teams without revealing National Government representatives as source.1

For Robertson:

I have just gotten agreement here for two sides to refrain from press accusations of failure to observe armistice conditions such as occurred yesterday. If possible you three commissioners should reach similar agreement.

New subject:

Chang, Chou and I signed today formal instructions to commissioners to send investigating group of three immediately to report on existing conditions Jehol and Chahar in accordance with minutes of meeting last week.

Document Copy Text Source: Records of the Department of State (RG 59), Lot Files, Marshall Mission, Military Affairs, GOLD Messages, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.

Document Format: Typed radio message.

1. The information on Communist military activities was provided the previous day by General Chang Chun. (See Foreign Relations, 1946, 9: 345-46.) Marshall sent GOLD 50 the same day listing the charges Chou En-lai had made about Nationalist attacks in various places.

Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), pp. 421-422.

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