5-267 To Herbert V. Evatt, November 6, 1945

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: November 6, 1945

Subject: Postwar

To Herbert V. Evatt

November 6, 1945 [Washington, D.C.]

Dear Dr. Evatt:

The other day you mentioned the unfavorable reaction which had resulted in the omission from the Pacific Order of Battle, listed in my recent Biennial Report, of the six Australian Divisions.1 In compiling the order of battle for the various Theaters of Operation no divisions were listed other than those of the US Army. In the European and Mediterranean sections mention was made of Allied Army Groups and Armies, but not of Corps or Divisions other than American.

In view of the changing command organization in the Pacific it was decided to entitle the list for that area: “Order of Battle US Army Forces in the Pacific (as of 14 August 1945)” and to include only US Army forces. This list therefore omits mention not only of Australian forces but also of the US Marine Amphibious Corps and Divisions.

As I explained the other day, I prepared my report as Chief of Staff of the United States Army. In this light the omissions which you noted are perhaps more readily understandable, but I am very sorry that the decision in this matter should have resulted in a feeling on the part of the Australian troops that their services were not fully appreciated. Quite the contrary is the case. They made a splendid contribution in a magnificent manner.

Faithfully yours,

Document Copy Text Source: Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs (RG 165), Records of the Operations Division (OPD), 319.1 PTO [November 5, 1945], Case 631/1, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.

Document Format: Typed letter.

1. For previous information on this issue, see Marshall Memorandum for General Hull, October 30, 1945, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #5-259 [5: 343].

Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), pp. 349-350.

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