5-388 To Lieutenant General Albert C. Wedemeyer, March 9, 1946

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: March 9, 1946

Subject: China

To Lieutenant General Albert C. Wedemeyer

March 9, 1946 Radio No. GOLD 306. [Chungking, China]


We have a dangerous spot in vicinity of Canton, about 3000 Communists driven into hiding by Government troops under Chang Fa-kuei who declares them bandits.1 The proposal is to remove Communists by water to Chefoo. Please query Cooke as to availability of LST or other vessels for such evacuation at an early date. I would suggest that a small port distant from Canton be selected for assembly, medical examination and preparation, etc. General Chou has man in Chungking who knows present hide outs of Communist personnel.2

Document Copy Text Source: Records of the Department of State (RG 59), Lot Files, Marshall Mission, Military Affairs, GOLD Messages, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.

Document Format: Typed radio message.

1. Chang Fa-kuei had been commanding general of Second Regional Command since 1945 and a member of the Kuomintang Central Supervisory Committee since 1931.

2. General Chang raised numerous issues that delayed the evacuation, but it was finally made between June 26 and July 6 by three U.S. Navy LSTs that moved 2,081 soldiers, 419 women and children, and some supplies. Another 781 Communist troops were demobilized and left behind. (See NA/RG 59 [Lot Files, Marshall Mission, Political Affairs, Canton Communists] and Foreign Relations, 1946, 9: 614-711 passim.)

Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 496.

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