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To Lieutenant General Albert C. Wedemeyer
February 4, 1946 Radio No. GOLD 147. [Chungking, China]
Negotiation for demobilization, integration and reorganization of Chinese armies are taking shape to the point where the preparation of detailed plans and schedules should be gotten underway immediately on a tentative basis.
I therefore wish to assemble the group of three or four officers as quickly as possible here at Chungking. Perhaps some of the officers with the Chungking Liaison Group would be excellent for this purpose. If, in addition, you could spare him for a brief period Caraway would be a strong man to organize the work of the new section and get them started on their planning, that is if Maddocks has returned.1 I wish to have the officers doing this, at least a portion of them, transferred as soon as their detailed plan is agreed upon by the two parties, to the Executive Headquarters at Pekin[g] to form a new or additional section, say G-5, to that staff to do the staff work required for direction in the field of the supervision of demobilization-reorganization procedure.2 The Executive Headquarters is to be charged with this duty I feel rather sure.
Please let me have your reaction.3
Document Copy Text Source: Records of the Department of State (RG 59), Lot Files, Marshall Mission, Military Affairs, GOLD Messages, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.
Document Format: Typed radio message.
1. Brigadier General Paul W. Caraway (U.S.M.A., 1929) had been a member of the China Theater staff since late 1944. At this time, he was concurrently serving as deputy chief of staff, Headquarters, U.S. Forces, China Theater, and commanding general, U.S. Army Liaison Group, Chungking. Major General Ray T. Maddocks, who had had various assignments in the Far East since late 1943, was chief of staff, U.S. Forces, China Theater.
2. The “G” designations, used by the U.S. Army General Staff for certain functional subdivisions, were not used at Executive Headquarters. On May 20, the tripartite Army Reorganization Section (later Group) was formally activated at Executive Headquarters to implement the February 25 agreement on Chinese military integration and reorganization.
3. Wedemeyer replied by offering the names of three colonels who would be available “immediately” because the military staff in Chungking was to be reduced. Wedemeyer thought that Caraway could help Marshall, but also “serve as my direct liaison and representative with the Generalissimo.” (Wedemeyer to Marshall, February 8, 1946, NA/RG 332 [Headquarters U.S. Forces China Theater, Wedemeyer Subject Files, Radio File].) Marshall asked Wedemeyer to “expedite” the officers’ assignments. “I am getting days behind on the work of this group and it is urgently important.” (Marshall to Wedemeyer, Radio No. GOLD 193, February 14?, 1946, NA/RG 59 [Lot Files, Marshall Mission, War Department, Originals].)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), pp. 440-441.