5-398 To Lieutenant General Alvan C. Gillem, Jr., March 18, 1946

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: March 18, 1946

Subject: China

To Lieutenant General Alvan C. Gillem, Jr.

March 18, 1946 Radio No. WAR-80978. Washington, D.C.


Acknowledging your GOLD 339, please express my appreciation to the Generalissimo for his message which I have just transmitted to the President and the Secretary of State.1 You may also tell him that I have been in conference with the President and the Secretary and also with the Import-Export Bank head, the Under Secretary of State and the Assistant Secretary of State, Mr. Clayton, regarding Chinese matters.2 I am to have an interview Wednesday with the National Advisory Council on International Monetary and Financial Problems and should then be able to clear the way for early negotiations regarding all matters financial and materiel relating to China.3

New subject: If you have not gotten an agreement regarding teams in Manchuria having in view the fact that the [Nationalist] Sixth Army has taken over Mukden, I do not think it wise for you to delay your trip to Mukden any longer. It is urgently necessary to get someone on the ground quickly and if there is to be a prolonged bickering over the matter you had best precipitate the matter by going yourself with Chou En-lai and with or without General Chang. Further delay may be fatal.

Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, China Mission, Memoranda-Messages-Cables, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.

Document Format: Typed radio message.

1. In GOLD 339, Gillem said that four conferences on the status of field teams for Manchuria had failed to settle the issue, but he was still optimistic. Chiang Kai-shek had requested that Gillem forward a message to Marshall expressing his optimism about the likely outcome of the current Nationalist Party Central Committee meetings regarding Manchuria and asking that Marshall “not worry about the anxieties I expressed to you before you left Chungking.” (Gillem to Marshall, March 17, 1946, NA/RG 59 [Lot Files, Marshall Mission, Military Affairs, GOLD Messages].)

2. William McChesney Martin, Jr., had been president of the Export-Import Bank of Washington since February 1946. Dean G. Acheson was under secretary of state, and William L. Clayton had been assistant secretary of state for economic affairs since December 1944.

3. Under the Bretton Woods Agreement Act (59 Stat. 512), the National Advisory Council on International Monetary and Financial Problems was created in the Department of the Treasury on July 31, 1945, as a policy coordinating group.

Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), pp. 508-509.

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