While he was in public office, Marshall endeavored to prevent people writing about him on the grounds that such publicity was likely to be detrimental to his position. After World War II he refused to write a memoir, despite being offered sums reported to run as high as one million dollars. Only in 1955, four years after his final retirement and after the Marshall Foundation hired the respected military historian Forrest C. Pogue—author of The Supreme Command [in Europe] (Washington: GPO, 1954), a volume in the official series United States Army in World War II—did General Marshall acquiesce to being first interviewed by Dr. Pogue and later to Pogue’s working on an authorized biography.
Marshall, George C.
Memoirs of My Services in the World War, 1917–1918.
Edited by James L. Collins, Jr. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1976.
Marshall drafted this manuscript while he was in Washington, D.C., between 1919 and 1924 as aide-de-camp to General of the Armies John J. Pershing. Given the growing bitterness of the “memoirs wars” of the period, however, he decided against publication, and the draft sat unused until the 1970s when Marshall’s step-daughter and her husband decided to publish it.
Marshall, George C.
George C. Marshall Interviews and Reminiscences
for Forrest C. Pogue; Edited by Larry I. Bland. 3d ed., Lexington, Va.: George C. Marshall Foundation, 1996.
The edited transcripts of Forrest Pogue’s tape-recorded interviews and his notes on unrecorded interviews, this is a key source for understanding Marshall. Pogue contributed a seventeen-page Introduction on the background to the interviews.
Marshall, George C.
The Papers of George Catlett Marshall
Edited by Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981– .
These include selected and annotated documents, mainly by Marshall. Six of the seven volumes in the series have been published, covering the period 1880 through 1949, and the final volume is expected out in 2015.
Marshall, Katherine Tupper
Together: Annals of an Army Wife.
New York: Tupper and Love, 1946.
Mrs. Marshall’s autobiography, which covers the years 1930 to 1945, was begun after the General departed for his mission to China in late 1945 and completed after she joined him there. General Marshall edited the manuscript in China, and in some instances reduced her defense of his actions. The book was widely reprinted in the late-1940s, and there are several editions.
Pogue, Forrest C.
George C. Marshall
4 vols., New York: Viking, 1963–87.
This is the standard against which all work on Marshall is judged. The series includes: Education of a General, 1880–1939; Ordeal and Hope, 1939–1942; Organizer of Victory, 1943–1945; and Statesman, 1945–1959. The Marshall Foundation had a paperback edition published that is available from the Museum Shop.
General of the Army: George C. Marshall, Soldier and Statesman
New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1990.
Another excellent single-volume biography, it is much longer than Stoler’s and was aimed at a general trade audience.
Soldier and Statesman: General George C. Marshall
New York: Ariel Books, 1964.
Marshall: Citizen Soldier
Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1947.
Marshall: Hero for Our Times
New York: Hearst Books, 1982.
The Marshall Story: A Biography
New York: Prentice-Hall, 1951.
Stoler, Mark A.
Boston: Twayne, 1989.
This is perhaps the best of the single- volume biographies. It was intended as a collateral reading in college undergraduate courses, and a paperback edition is still in print.
Juvenile and Young Adult
New York: Chelsea House, 1989. A volume in the World Leaders Past and Present series.
George C. Marshall: A General for Peace
New York: Facts on File, 1996. A volume in the Makers of America series.
Skutt, Mary Sutton
Growing Up, by George: George C. Marshall’s Early Years
Uniontown, Pennsylvania—Lexington, Virginia, 1880–1901.
Lexington, Va.: News-Gazette, 1997.
Skutt, Mary Sutton
George C. Marshall, Reporting for Duty
Lexington, Va.: Blue Valley Books, 2001.
This volume covers Marshall’s career between 1901 (graduation from VMI) and 1945 (retirement as U.S. Army Chief of Staff). A third volume is in preparation covering the years between 1946 and 1959.
America’s Finest General
Read Kevin Baker’s article, “America’s Finest General,” published by Military History magazine, September 2011. Article is reprinted with the permission of Weider History Group. Copyright © 2011.
Beal, John Robinson
Marshall in China
Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1970.
Beal, a newspaper reporter, was hired in the spring of 1946 by the Chinese government as advisor on press and public relations. Marshall suggested the role as a method of keeping the Nationalist regime from generating bad publicity in the United States.
Bland, Larry I.
George C. Marshall’s Mediation Mission to China, December 1945–January 1947
Lexington, Va.: George C. Marshall Foundation, 1998.
A collection of essays by various authors.
George C. Marshall: Servant of the American Nation
New York: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2011.
Charles F. Brower has compiled key essays from a symposium held at the Virginia Military Institute, the general’s alma mater, on the 50th anniversary of Marshall’s death. This is a significant work because it provides a balanced assessment of the general’s notable achievements, offers multi-faceted insight into his personality, and suggests that his life remains a model for public service.
Ferrell, Robert H.
George C. Marshall as Secretary of State, 1947–1949
New York: Cooper Square, 1966. Volume fifteen in the American Secretaries of State and Their Diplomacy series.
McCarthy, Joseph R.
America’s Retreat from Victory: The Story of General George Marshall
New York: Devin-Adair, 1951.
A ghost-written right-wing diatribe by the infamous junior senator from Wisconsin in which he asserts that Marshall was a Communist dupe and thus to blame for much of what was wrong in the world.
Roosevelt and Marshall: Partners in Politics and War, The Personal Story
New York: William Morrow & Co., 1989.
George Marshall and the American Century
Produced by Great Projects Film Company for PBS, 1994.
88 minutes. Directed by Kenneth Mandel and Ken Levis. Narrated by E. G. Marshall.
George C. Marshall: Soldier and Statesman
Produced by Lou Reda Productions. for A&E Television Network, 1998.
47 minutes. Directed by Don Horan.
Motion and Still Pictures Online in the Marshall Film Archives
A Guide to George C. Marshall Motion Pictures.
2000. Compiled by Sharon Ritenour Stevens.
List of Marshall-related motion pictures and newsreels. Photographs are available by clicking on the images.
Marshall Plan Filmography.
2002. Compiled by Linda R. Christenson.
Descriptive list of films about the Marshall Plan