Elizebeth Smith Friedman and Prohibition

One hundred years ago, it became illegal to stop off at the corner bar for a beer – the Volstead Act, commonly called Prohibition, outlawed the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-123257 Commissioner John A. Leach, right, watching agents pour liquor into […]

Marshall and the “Ratline”

Guest blog by Cadet Mike Morrison, VMI ’20 and Marshall Foundation social media intern. With the Rat Mass of 19+3’s (freshmen) breakout accomplished on February 2nd, 2019, we look back at Marshall’s own “ratline” in his first year at the Virginia Military Institute (VMI) in 1889. Though the ratline was much less structured and regulated […]

Marshall and the Why We Fight films

This blog was originally published on November 28, 2014. On May 27, 1942, the first of seven documentary films, Prelude to War, was released. This documentary series, Why We Fight, was commissioned by the United States Army. In a letter to President Roosevelt, General Marshall states the films would “replace the series of lectures given […]

The Anniversary of the Dieppe Raid

This month, August 19th, sees the 76th anniversary of the (overwhelmingly) British-Canadian raid on the French port of Dieppe. This assault on the French town also featured small contingents of French, Czech and Polish troops as well as some 50 U.S. Army Rangers. Although a tactical defeat for the Allies, in strategic terms, it was […]

Katherine Marshall and China

In December 1945, Katherine Tupper Marshall accompanied her husband, General George C. Marshall, to the airport for his departure to China. A few weeks earlier, President Harry Truman had asked General Marshall to serve as a special envoy to China to negotiate peace between the country’s Communist and Nationalist parties. Not wanting to face the crowds that had assembled, Mrs. Marshall watched from the car as General Marshall’s luggage was loaded into the plane, […]

Marshall and John Leighton Stuart 

On July 5, 1946, George C. Marshall proposed Dr. John Leighton Stuart to be the United States Ambassador to China. Marshall believed that the great respect that both Communists and Nationalists had for Dr. Stuart would be tremendously helpful during the China Mission’s ongoing negotiations.   In a top-secret message to Dean G. Acheson, Marshall stated, “I am requesting War Department to delay Wedemeyer’s departure […]

Marshall and the Apple Blossom Festival

This blog was originally posted on May 5, 2017 In Winchester, Virginia this week, the 90th annual Shenandoah Apple Blossom Festival is in full swing. The festival that celebrates the arrival of spring and the pink-and-white apple blossoms started in 1924 as a one-day event and, except for the war years 1942-1945, has been held […]

Marshall and the Relief of MacArthur

Secretary of the Army Frank Pace was asked personally to relieve General Douglas MacArthur until President Truman learned the announcement was to be preempted by a news leak. In what was to become its own ‘day of infamy,’ Truman hastily arranged a press conference to announce MacArthur’s relief. MacArthur himself learned of his fate from […]

ICYMI: Exhibition at Marshall Museum Mentioned in USA Today

The new exhibition at the George C. Marshall Museum, “Hope for Those Who Need It,” was featured in the Travel section of USA Today on April 3 as one of the “Best museum exhibits in the U.S. this spring.” https://usat.ly/2Gub3PZ Mentioned as one of 13 exhibits, “Hope for Those Who Need It,” celebrates the Marshall […]

#AskAnArchivist Day

Next Wednesday, October 4th, is #AskAnArchivist Day. This day-long event sponsored by the Society of American Archivists is an opportunity to ask questions (via Twitter) about any and all things archives and have them answered by archivists. The Marshall Library will be participating in the event, so be sure to send your archives questions to […]

Marshall and Fire Island

This post was originally published on July 8, 2016. According to the U.S. National Park Service, there are conflicting views as to the origin of the name Fire Island. The island may have been named after Fire Island Inlet, which appeared on a deed in 1789, and the inlet’s name may have started as a […]

Marshall and the Apple Blossom Festival

In Winchester, Virginia this week, the 90th annual Shenandoah Apple Blossom Festival is in full swing. The festival that celebrates the arrival of spring and the pink-and-white apple blossoms started in 1924 as a one-day event and, except for the war years 1942-1945, has been held every year since then. It is one of the […]

Marshall and the Stars and Stripes

Seventy-five years ago this week, the Stars and Stripes newspaper had its second renaissance. The first paper with the name Stars and Stripes was started by a Union soldier during the Civil War in 1861. The Union army captured a newspaper plant in Missouri and produced only 4 papers. The newspaper was again revived during […]

Marshall and Poppies

In the photo to the left, Secretary of Defense Marshall is receiving a poppy from Mrs. Genevieve Frye, President of the Auxiliary of American Legion Post 109 in 1951. The remembrance poppy is an artificial flower that has been used since 1921 to commemorate military personnel who have died in war, and represents a common […]

Marshall and International Holocaust Remembrance Day

International Holocaust Remembrance Day on January 27th commemorates the victims of the Holocaust during World War II. It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly in 2005 during a special session that marked the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi concentration camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau by Soviet troops. After liberation, displaced persons camps […]

Marshall & PURPLE

PURPLE, the name given to the Japanese diplomatic cipher system used during World War II, is not as well-known as the ENIGMA system used by the Germans but was considered the most complex cipher system of its time. Despite its complexity, a team of U.S. codebreakers led by William F. Friedman produced their first deciphered […]

Marshall & ROTC

The Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC) prepares college students to be commissioned officers in the United States Armed Forces. The Army ROTC, as it exists today, began with President Wilson’s signing the National Defense Act of 1916. There are three types of ROTC programs. The first type includes programs at the six senior military colleges, […]

Marshall and the Knutsford Affair

General George S. Patton’s comments at the opening of a British Welcome Club for American soldiers in Knutsford, England, are one of many well-known and controversial episodes from Patton’s army career. U.S. Army Chief of Staff George C. Marshall’s response to Patton’s comments are less well known. They serve as an example of his leadership. […]

Marshall and the Foreign Assistance Act

On March 23, 2016, the Marshall Plan Speech was one of 25 recordings added to the National Recording Registry at the Library of Congress. Secretary of State George C. Marshall’s remarks at Harvard University were a crucial first step in the United States’ efforts to help rebuild Europe after World War II and certainly represent […]

Marshall and Tuskegee Part II

Tomorrow we will be honored to host Lt. Col. Robert Friend, who is one of the last surviving Tuskegee Airmen. It should be a remarkable afternoon. As Army Chief of Staff, General George C. Marshall was directly involved in establishing the military program for aviation at the Tuskegee Institute. Correspondence between Marshall and Frederick D. […]

All Who Want to Serve: Charity Adams Early

As a result of the influence of Army Chief of Staff General George C. Marshall, women of color joined the Women’s Army Corps’ 6888th Central Postal Battalion. During World War II, 850 African-American women served overseas, in Birmingham, England, to sort and deliver backed-up mail to millions of soldiers in Europe. Army Major Charity Adams, […]

Marshall Myths: Marshall’s “Little Black Book”

Occasionally visitors to the Marshall Foundation will ask staff to verify a story that they heard about George C. Marshall. As with any historic figure certain stories about Marshall have become widely accepted as true even though they do not have any factual basis. This post will be the first in an occasional series exploring […]

Marshall Foundation Digital Lab

The Marshall Foundation is expanding access to its vast collections through digital technologies. As a part of the effort to bring Marshall’s legacy online, the Foundation has created the Digital Lab. Housed in the library, the Digital Lab is a dedicated space for digitization projects. The lab brings together both new and old technologies that […]

Marshall & Postage Stamps

Stamps, often considered miniature works of art, have been issued by world postal services since 1840. October is National Stamp Collecting month. It began in 1981 as a joint venture between the United States Postal Service and the Council of Philatelic Organizations. The Postal Service continues to promote National Stamp Collecting Month and stamp collecting […]