“Marshall and Israel” by Dr. Gerald M. Pops
Thursday, August 29, 2019
5:30 pm with reception to follow
George C. Marshall Foundation
VMI Parade, Lexington, Virginia
Due to limited seating, please RSVP no later than August 26, 2019.
To reserve your seat call Leigh McFaddin at 540-463-7103, ext. 138 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. Members and students will be admitted free; non-members will pay $15 at the door.
A part of the George C. Marshall Legacy Series
About the Lecture
While Marshall’s position opposing immediate recognition of the Jewish state upon British withdrawal from Palestine is well documented, his motivation for doing so is complex and not so well understood. During his tenure as Secretary of State, Marshall’s thinking evolved, beginning with enthusiastic support of the United Nations (UN) plan to partition Palestine into separate Arab and Jewish territories in 1947, but gravitating toward an effort to find an alternate arrangement involving a United Nations trusteeship lacking an immediate guarantee of statehood. It is important to
track Marshall’s thinking and actions during this period to determine the reasons for his evolving judgment.
Marshall’s support for partition had begun to wane for three reasons. First, Arab outrage with the concept of partition was intense and threats of military action and hostile actions against Jewish settlements convinced him that an all-out war would follow any attempt to implement it, pitting the combined weight of Arab nations and superior arms against the fledgling Jewish state. Thus Marshall understood that a certain degree of force would be required to implement the resolution and he communicated this observation to Truman and to Austin. Secondly, he thought that too heavy a burden was being placed on Palestine and the British because of the number of Jews migrating there. He reacted in part by supporting legislation(the Stratton bill) that would substantially increase Jewish refugee immigration from Europe into the United States. Finally, he had been made aware that the Soviets, who backed partition, would seek an important and unwelcome military role in any force formed to implement partition.
Source: Marshall, the Recognition of Israel, and Anti-Semitism by Gerald M. Pops
About Gerald M. Pops
Gerald M. Pops is a Marshall Scholar and Professor Emeritus of public administration, West Virginia University. He is author of Ethical Leadership in Turbulent Times: Modeling the Public Career of George C. Marshall (Lexington Books, 2009) as well as many articles and book chapters on the subject of Marshall and leadership, ethics in government, and public sector labor relations. He is a past recipient of a grant from the George C. Marshall Foundation which he used to support his research on Marshall-related writings here at the Marshall Library in Lexington and for which he is grateful.
Jerry speaks and teaches widely on various subjects related to Marshall: who fights America’s wars, William Friedman, the Japanese purple cipher and the Pacific War; Marshall, Robert H. Jackson and the international liberal democratic governance paradigm of the post World War II era; and the subject he is addressing today: Marshall, Truman, the recognition of the state of Israel, and charges of anti-semitism. He and his wife Marcia have become semi-local citizens, having a daughter and son-in-law teaching at New River College and Virginia Tech, respectively, and two grandchildren matriculating at Virginia Tech, as well as years climbing about through the halls and stacks of this very building.